APPENDIX: BIBLICAL REFERENCES



Bible references are to the Geneva Bible of 1560, in modern spelling, at >http://www.logosresourcepages.org/idx_geneva.htm<.

References to
The Merchant of Venice are to Freeman, Neil, editor, The Applause First Folio of Shakespeare in Modern Type, Applause: New York (2001); I have included in [brackets] the non–Shakespearean scene numbers.

Modern readers are unaware of the significant extent to which Shakespeare used The Gospel According to John and The Revelation to John in
The Merchant of Venice. His audiences, however, were very familiar with these two books of the New Testament, and would have recognized the references right away. Some of them would have been aware of what those references might have had to do with Christopher Marlowe.



ACT 1 SCENE 1

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Solanio:
But tell not me, I know Anthonio
Is sad to thinke upon his merchandize.

Antonio:
Therefore my merchandize makes me not sad.
(1. [1] 40–46)

GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

And he found in the Temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money, sitting;
And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen;
and poured out the changers of money, and overthrew the tables,
And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence: make not my Fathers house an house of merchandise.
John 2:14–16.



ACT 1 SCENE 2

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
.....................................................O mee,
the word choose, I may neither choose whom I would,
nor refuse whom I dislike, so is the will of a living daughter
curb’d by the will of a dead father : it is not hard
Nerrissa, that I cannot choose one, nor refuse none.
(1. [2] 210–214)

Nerissa:
Your father was ever vertuous; and holy men at their death have good inspirations,
therefore the lotterie that hee hath devised in these three chests
of gold, silver, and leade, whereof who chooses his
meaning chooses you, you will no doubt never be chosen
by any rightly, but one who you shall rightly love.
(1. [2] 220–225)

GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

I can do nothing of mine own self: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just, because I seek not mine own will, but
the will of the Father who hath sent me.
John 5:30.

For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but his will which hath sent me.
No man can come to me, except the Father, which hath sent me, draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 6:38, 44.



ACT 1 SCENE 3

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Jew:
I hate him for he is a Christian.
(1. [3] 367)

GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:
The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.
John 7:7.

If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you.
John 15:18.

___________________
THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Jessica:
I am sorry thou wilt leave my Father so,
Our house is hell, and thou a merrie divell.
(1. [3] 249–250)

GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do.
John 8: 44.



ACT 2 SCENE 2

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Old Gobbo:
I have here a dish of Doves that I would bestow
upon your worship, and my suite is.
(2. [2] 175–76)

GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:
And he found in the Temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money, sitting; And said
unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence: make not my Fathers house an house of merchandise.
John 2:14,16.



ACT 3 SCENE 1

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Shylocke:
...goe Tuball, and meete me at our Sinagogue,
goe good Tuball, at our Sinagogue Tuball.
(3. [1] 116–17)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:
I know thy works and tribulation, and poverty (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them, which say they are
Jews, and are not, but are the Synagogue of Satan.
Rev. 2:9.


ACT 3 SCENE 2


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
I pray you tarrie, pause a day or two
Before you hazard, for in choosing wrong
I loose your companie ; …

I speake too long, but ‘tis to peise the time,
To ich it, and to draw it out in length,
To stay you from election.
(3. [2] 120–42)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you.
John 15:16. ___________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Bassanio:
So may the outward showes be least themselves.
(3. [2] 192)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgement.
John 7:24.
___________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
.................................But now I was the lord
Of this fair mansion, master of my servants.
(3. [2] 298–99)

But get thee gone, I shall be there before thee.
(3. [4] 549)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.
John 14:2.

And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.
John 10:4.
___________________
THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
............................but the full summe of me
Is sum of nothing: which to term in grosse
Is an unlessoned girle, unschool’d, unpractiz’d.
(3.2.157-159.)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

And the Jews marveled, saying,
How knoweth this man the Scriptures,
Seeing that he never learned.
John 7:15.

___________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia is the bride; Bassanio is the bridegroom; and
Gratiano is the friend of the bridegroom.


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

He that hath the bride, is the bridgegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth
greatly, because of the bridegroom’s voice.
John 3:29.

___________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
This house, these servants, and this same my selfe
Are yours, my Lord, I give them with this ring,
Which when you part from, loose, or give away,
Let it presage the ruine of your love,
And be my vantage to exclaime on you.

Bassanio:
.......................................but when this ring
Parts from this finger, then parts life from hence,
O then be bold to say Bassanio’s dead.
(3. [2] 291–306)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Peter said unto him, Lord, why can I not follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.
John 13: 37

Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily I say unto thee, the cock shall not crow, til
thou have denied me thrice.
John 13:37–38.

___________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
I stand for sacrifice.
(3. [2] 177)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Greater love than this hath no man, when any man bestoweth his life for his friends.
John 15:13.

Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
In this is love, not that we loved God but that he loved us and sent his Son to be the atoning sacrifice for our sins.
John 18: 14.

ACT 3 SCENES 3 & 4


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Jew:
Thou call’dst me dog before thou hadst a cause.
(3. [3] 462)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.
John 15:25.
__________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Shylocke:
..................goe Tuball, fee
me an Officer… .
(3 [1] 113–14)

Jew:
Jaylor, looke to him, tell not me of mercy,
This is the foole that lends out money gratis.
Jaylor, looke to him.
(3. [3] 456–58)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Fear none of those things, which thou shalt suffer: behold, it shall come to pass, that the devil shall cast some of you
into prison, that ye may be tried.
Rev. 2:10.



ACT 3 SCENE 5


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Clowne:
Yes truly; for looke you, the sinnes of the Father
are to be laid upon the children, therefore I
promise you, I feare you, I was alwaies plaine
with you, and so now I speake my agitation of
the matter: therefore be of good cheer, for truly
I think you are damned.
(3. [5] 584–85)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do.
John 8: 44.

His disciples said unto him, Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no proverb.
John 16: 29.

These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of
good cheer; I have overcome the world.
John 16: 33.

And he [an Angel] cried out mightily with a loud voice, saying, It is fallen, it is fallen, Babylon the great city, and is
become the habitation of devils.
For all nations have drunken of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the Kings of the earth have committed
fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich of the abundance of her pleasures.
Rev. 18: 2–3.


ACT 4 SCENES 1 & 2


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Gratiano:
A Daniel still say I, a second Daniel,
I thanke thee Jew for teaching me that word.
(4. [1] 351–52)

GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and that Word was God. John 1:1. ___________________


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
Tarry Jew,
The Law hath yet another hold on you.
(4. [1] 358–59)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God. John 19:7.

______________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
You must prepare your bosome for his knife.
Therefore lay bare your bosome.

Jew:
I, his brest,
So sayes the bond, doth it not noble Judge?
Neerest his heart, those are the very words.

Portia:
And you must cut this flesh from off his breast... .
(4. [1] 272, 279; 280–83; 333)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Now there was one of his disciples, who leaned on Jesus‘ bosom, whom Jesus loved.
To him beckoned therefore Simon Peter, that he should ask who it was of whom he spake. He then, as he leaned on Jesus’ breast, said unto him, Lord, who is it?
John 13:23–25.
___________________



THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
Tarry a little, there is something else.

Tarry Jew,
The Law hath yet another hold on you.
(4. [1] 314, 358–59)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Then Peter, turning about, seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper,
and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee?
Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, what shall this man do?
Jesus said unto him, If I will that he
tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me.
Then went this saying abroad among the brethern, that that disciple should not die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He
shall not die; but, If I will that he
tarry till I come, what is that to thee?
John 21:20–23.
___________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Jew:
What wouldst thou have a Serpent sting thee twice?
(4. [1] 70–71)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

And there was a battle in heaven. Michael and his Angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon fought and his angels.
And the great dragon, that old
serpent, called the devil and Satan, was cast out, which deceiveth all the world: he was
even cast into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Rev. 12:7–9. ___________________


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Bassanio:
Deare sir, of force I must attempt you further,
Take some remembrance of us as a tribute,
Not as fee: grant me two things, I pray you
Not to deny me, and to pardon me.

Portia:
And for your love Ile take this ring from you,
Doe not draw backe your hand, ile take no more,
and you in love shall not deny me this?
(4. [1] 457–65)

Near the end of Act 4, Bassanio declines three times to give Judge Portia the ring that Wife Portia had given him. Just
after Judge/Wife Portia and Nerissa leave the courtroom, the following occurs:
Antonio:
My L. Bassanio, let him have the ring,
Let his deservings and my love withall
Be valued against your wives commandement.

Bassanio:
Goe Gratiano, run and over-take him,
Give him the ring... .
(4. [1] 463–65)

GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily I say unto thee, the cock shall not crow, till
thou have denied me thrice. J
ohn 13:37–38.

A new commandement give I unto you, that ye love one another: as I have loved you, that you also love one another.
John 13:34.

These things I command you, that ye love one another.
John 15:17.

Then said the maid that kept the door, unto Peter, Art thou also one of this man’s disciples? He said, I am not.
And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself, and they said unto him, Art not thou also of his disciples? He denied it,
and said, I am not.
Peter then denied again, and immediately the cock crew.
John 18:17, 25, 27. ___________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Anthonio:
You may as well do anything most hard,
As seeke to soften that, then which what harder?
His Jewish heart…
(4. [1] 80–81)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their hearts, that they should not see with their eyes, or understand with
their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
John 12:37–40. ___________________


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:
(Portia participates in the trial scene as the judge.)
Jew:
A Daniel come to judgement, yea a Daniel.
O wise young Judge, how do I honour thee.
(4 [1] 228– 29)

Jew:
Most rightfull Judge.
(4. [1] 310)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:
For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son.
And hath given him power also to execute judgment, in that he is the Son of man.
John 5: 22, 27.

And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me.
John 8: 16.

And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see
might be made blind.
John 9: 39.

___________________
THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
You stand within his danger, do you not?

Anthonio:
I, so he sayes.
(4. [1] 184–85)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king.
Mark 15: 4.

Then Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered and said unto him, Thou sayest it.
John 18: 37. ___________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Jew:
I have possest your grace of what I purpose,
And by our holy Sabbath have I sworne
To have the due and forfeit of my bond.
(4. [1] 36-37)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the
Sabbath day.
John 5: 16.

And it was the Sabbath day when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes. (See Genesis 3: 5: But God doth know,
that when ye shall eat thereof, your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. 7. Then
the eyes of them both were opened… .)
Then again the Pharisees also asked him how he had received his sight. He said unto them, He put clay upon mine
eyes, and I washed, and do see.
Therefore said some of the Pharisees, This man is not of God, because he keepeth not the Sabbath day. Others said,
How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles?
John 9: 14–16.


ACT 5 SCENE 1
THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Bassanio:
Were you the doctor and I knew you not?
(5. 296)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

He was in the world, and the world was made by him: and the world knew him not.
And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.
And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the
Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
John 1:10, 31,33. John 20:14.
But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: nevertheless the disciples knew not that it was
Jesus.
John 21:4. __

_________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
Let me give light, but let me not be light,
For a light wife doth make a heavie husband... .
(5. 139-40)

GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in
darkness, but shall have the light of life.
John 8:12. ___________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
If you had knowne the vertue of the Ring,
Or halfe her worthinesse that gave the Ring,
Or your owne honour to containe the Ring,
You would not have then parted with the Ring.
(5. 211–14)
GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink;
thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
John 4:10, 17. ___________________


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
That light we see is burning in my hall:
How farre that little candell throwes his beames.
(5. 95)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

it was life, and the life was the light of men.
And the light shineth in the darkness, and the darkness comprehended it not.
John 1:4–5.

And the light of a candle shall shine no more in thee: and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard
no more in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth: and with thine enchantments were deceived of all nations.
Rev. 18:23.

And this city hath no need of the sun, neither of the moon to shine in it: for the glory of God did light it: and the Lamb
is the light of it.
Rev. 21:23. ___________________


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Lorenzo:
Faire Ladies, you drop Manna in the way
Of starved people.
(5. 311–12)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Our fathers did eat Manna in the desert, as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
I am the bread of life.
Your fathers did eat Manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
This is the bread, which came down from heaven, that he which eateth of it, should not die.
I am the living bread, which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live forever: and the bread
that I will give, is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
John 6:31, 48, 58.

To him, that overcometh, will I give to eat of the Manna that is hid.
Rev. 2:17.



REFERENCES TO FLESH & BLOOD


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Shylocke:
...let the forfeite
Be nominated for an equall pound
Of your faire flesh, to be cut off and taken
In what part of your bodie it pleaseth me.
(1. [3]. 468–71)

A pound of mans flesh taken from a man,
Is not so estimable, profitable neither
As flesh of Muttons, Beefes, or Goates... .
(1. [3] 485–87)

Morochus:
And let us make incision for your love,
To prove whose blood is reddest, his or mine.
(2. [1] 6–7)

Old Gobbo:
Her name is Margerie indeede, Ile be sworne if
thou be Lancelet, thou art mine owne flesh and blood:
(2. [2] 134–35)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the
Father,) full of grace and truth.
John 1: 13–14.

That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. John 3: 6.

The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his
blood, ye have no life in you.
Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 6: 52–54. ___________________


THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Shylocke:
My owne flesh and blood to rebell.

Solanio:
Out upon it old carrion, rebels it at these yeeres?

Shylocke:
I say my daughter is my flesh and my bloud.

Salerio:
There is more difference between thy flesh and hers, then
betweene Jet and Ivorie, more betweene your bloods, then
There is betweene red wine and rennish:...

Salerio:
Why, I am sure if he forfaite, thou wilt not take
his flesh, what’s that good for?
(3.[1] 30-45)



GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.
He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.
As the living Father hath sent me, so live I by the Father, and he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.
This is the bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers have eaten Manna, and are dead. He that
eateth of this bread, shall live forever.
It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are
life.
John 6: 55–58, 63.

___________________
THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Bassanio: .............................Gentle Ladie
When I did first impart my love to you,
I freely told you all the wealth I had
Ran in my vaines...

...Heere is a Letter Ladie,
The paper as the bodie of my friend,
And everie word in it a gaping wound
Issuing life blood.
(3. [2] 391–94)

Duke:
Which is a pound of this poore Merchants flesh… .
(4. [1] 24)

Jessica:
When I was with him, I have heard him sweare
To Tuball and to Chus, his Countri-men,
That he would rather have Anthonio’s flesh,
Then twenty times the value of the summe
That he did owe him:
(3. [2] 413–16)

Shylocke:
The pound of flesh which I demand of him
Is dearly bought, ‘tis mine, and I will have it.
(4. [1] 101–02)

Bassanio:
Good cheere, Anthonio. What man, corage yet :
The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all,
Ere thou shalt loose for me one drop of blood.
(4. [1] 114–16)

GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

Ye judge after the flesh; I judge no man.
John 8: 15.

As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.
John 17: 2.

...and washed us from our sins in his blood.
Rev. 1: 5.

...because thou wast killed, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood… .
Rev. 5: 9.

And he was clothed with a garment dipped in blood.
Rev. 19: 13. ___________________

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Portia:
It is so: Are there ballance here to weigh the flesh?
(4. [1] 263–65)

Have by some Surgeon Shylocke on your charge,
To stop his wounds, least he should bleede to death.
(4. [1] 266–67)

And you must cut this flesh from off his breast,
The Law allowes it, and the Court awards it.
(4. [1] 308–12)

Tarry a little, there is something else,
This bond doth give thee heere no jot of bloud,
The words expresly are a pound of flesh :
Then take thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh,
But in the cutting it, if thou dost shed
One drop of Christian bloud, thy lands and goods
Are by the Lawes of Venice confiscate
Unto the state of Venice.
(4. [1] 314–21)

Therefore prepare thee to cut off the flesh,
Shed thou no bloud, nor cut thou lesse nor more
But just a pound of flesh:
(4. [1] 335–37)



GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

...Then I beheld, and lo, a black horse, and he that
sat on him, had balances in his hand.
...and the moon was like blood.
Rev. 6: 5, 12.



REFERENCES TO SHEEP & THINGS SHEEPISH



THE MERCHANT OF VENICE:

Bassanio:
............................and her sunny locks
Hang on her temples like a golden fleece.
(1. [1] 173–4)

Shylocke:
When Jacob graz’d his Uncle Labans sheepe…
That all the eanelings which were streakt and pied
Should fall as Jacobs hier, the Ewes being rancke,
In end of Autumne turned to the Rammes,
And when the worke of generation was
Betweene these wooly breeders in the act,
The skilfull shepheard pil’d me certaine wands,
And in the dooing of the deede of kinde
He stucke them up before the fulsome Ewes,
Who then conceaving, did in eaning time
Fall party-colour’d lambs, and those were Jacobs.
(1. [3] 389–406)

(Nerissa: Why, shall wee turne to men?
[3. (4) 574)])

Anthonio:
Or is your gold and silver Ewes and Rams?
(1. [3] 413)


GOSPEL/REVELATION JOHN:

The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God!
John 1: 29, 36.

But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.
And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.
And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.
Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you,I am the door of the sheep.
All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.
I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
But an hireling, and he which is not the shepherd, neither the sheep are his own, seeth the wolf coming, and he
leaveth the sheep, and fleeth, and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.
So the hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.
I am the good shepherd, and know mine, and am known of mine.
As the Father knoweth me, so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for my sheep.
And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there
shall be one fold, and one shepherd.
But ye believe not, because yet are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.
My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me.
And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.
John 10: 2–28.